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Amir Khusrow (1253–1325 CE) was a sufi musician, great poet and scholar. Khusrow was born in Patiyali in Kasganj district which is also known as Kansiram Nagar near Etah in what is today the state of Uttar Pradesh in northern India. He was a mystic and a spiritual disciple of Nizamuddin Auliya of Delhi. Amīr Khusrow was not only a notable poet but also a prolific and seminal musician in the time of the Delhi Sultanate, being reputed to have invented both the Sitar and the Tabla. He wrote poetry primarily in Persian, but also in Hindavi. A vocabulary in verse, the Ḳhāliq Bārī, containing Arabic, Persian, and Hindavi terms is often attributed to him.

Amir Khusrow teaching his disciples; miniature from a manuscript of Majlis Al-Usshak by Husayn Bayqarah

Amir Khusrow teaching his disciples; miniature from a manuscript of Majlis Al-Usshak by Husayn Bayqarah

He is regarded as the “father of Qawwali” (the devotional music of the Sufis in the Indian subcontinent). He introduced the Ghazal style of song into India which is very much alive in India and Pakistan to this day. He is also credited with enriching Indian classical music by introducing Persian, Arabic and Turkish elements into it and was the originator of the khayal and tarana styles of music.

Amir Khusrow,once said a famous couplet for Kashmir.

“Gar firdaus bar roo-e zameen ast,
Hameen ast-o hameen ast-o hameen ast ”
Translation : If there is a paradise on earth,It is this, it is this, it is this